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小龍蝦養殖過程中的“利”與“害”

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小龍蝦養殖過程中的“利”與“害”

發布日期:2018-12-13 作者:盱眙萬隆生態龍蝦 點擊:

pk10游戏FANSHIYOU“LI”BIYOU“HAI”。


無數的生產實踐證明,任何事物都是相對的,沒有絕對的“利”與“害”,如何在小龍蝦養殖技術中掌握“利”與“害”分寸,做好“利”與“害”的平衡至關重要,首先要求我們對事物的“利”與“害”有一個充分的認識。所以我們可以從以下三個方面來認識“利”與“害”之間的關系。


龍蝦養殖

看點1

pk10游戏  

一、池塘底部淤泥的“利”與“害”


龍蝦養殖過程中,隨著養殖時間的增長,池塘逐步老化,小龍蝦的排泄物、未攝食完的殘餌、各種生物死亡留下的有機物等不斷堆積,超過水體自身的自凈能力,這些有機物難以及時充分有效分解,積累在池塘底部,形成淤泥。


SHUOQICHITANGDIBUYUNIDUISHUICHANYANGZHIDEWEIHAI,WOMENDOUSHENYOUGANCHU,YUNIZENGJIAHAOYANGLIANG,YISHIDIBUZAOCHENGQUEYANG,TONGSHIYESHIGEZHONGYOUDUYOUHAIDEWUZHI(RUANDAN、YAXIAOSUANYAN、LIUHUAQINGDENG)、GEZHONGBINGYUANWEISHENGWUHEGEZHONGJISHENGCHONGXUJIDECANGKU。SHICHANGSHANGYOUCIERCHANSHENGXUDUOZHENDUIYUNIDIAOJIEDECHANPIN——DIZHIGAILIANGJI,DANDADUOSHUSHIYONGDEXIAOGUOBINGBUMINGXIAN。


SHISHISHANG,CHITANGDIBUYUNIZAILONGXIAYANGZHIZHONGSHIDAHAI,DANTONGSHITALIMIANYOUBAOHANLEGEZHONGYOUJIZHIHEKUANGWUYUANSUZHEXIEWUZHIYOUSHISHUITIZHONGGEZHONGSHENGWUSHENGCHANGSUOXUDEYINGYANGYUANSU。DIBUYUNIDEWEIHAIFANGSHIZHUYAOSHIZAIYEJIANDAMIANJISHIFANG,DUISHUISHENGSHENGWUZAOCHENGWEIHAI,BUHAOKONGZHI,RANERBAITIANSHIFANG,YOUCHONGZUDERONGYANGJINXINGFENJIE,JIUBUHUICHANSHENGWEIHAI。


pk10游戏GENJUZHEZHONGQINGKUANG,RUGUOZAIYANGZHIXIAOLONGXIADESHENGCHANJIJIE,TIGAOSHUITIHUOXING,TISHENGZHENGTICHITANGDESHENGTAIXITONGYUNZHUANXIAOLV,CONGERSHICHITANGDEYOUJIWURANWUKUAISUFENJIE,RANGFUYUANDANDABUFENYIYINGYANGYUANDEXINGSHIBEIZAOLEIXISHOUZHUANHUAERZAILIYONG,XIANGDANGYUBIANFEIWEIBAO。YEKEMEIBANYUEJINXINGYICITUODIFANDONGYUNIDEZUOYE,JIANGYUNIZHONGXUJIYOUDUYOUHAIWUZHIZAIBAITIANSHIFANGCHULAI,CHONGFENJIECHUYANGQIERYANGHUAFENJIE,TONGSHIYOULIYUJIANGYUNIZHONGDEGEZHONGYINGYANGYUANSUSHIFANGCHULAI,GONGSHUITIZHONGGEZHONGWEISHENGWUHEZAOLEIJISHILIYONG,QIDAOSHIFEIPEIYANGSHUIZHIDEZUOYONG,TONGSHIZAITUODIFANNIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,POSAYIXIEZENGYANGJILEIHUODIZHIGAILIANGJIDEDIAOSHUICHANPIN,HUICHANSHENGJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO。

pk10游戏  

看點2

  

二、抗生素在河蟹養殖上的“利”與“害”

 

JINNIANLAI,SUIZHUGUIMOHUA、JIYUEHUA、SHANGPINHUAYANGZHIMOSHIDEZHUBUPUJI,ZAIXIAOLONGXIAYANGZHIGUOCHENGZHONGDEXIJUNXINGJIBINGBAOFAJILVYUELAIYUEGAO,XUDUOZHURULANSAI、CHANGYAN、HEIZHUADENGJIBINGCHULESHUITIXIAODUYIWAI,TONGCHANGHUANDALIANGSHIYONGKANGSHENGSUBANLIAONEIFU,YIDADAONEIWAIJIEHEDEZHIBINGXIAOGUO。KANGSHENGSUYIFANGMIANQUESHIQIDAOLESHAJUNXIAODU,FANGKONGJIBINGDEXIAOGUO,DANTONGSHIYEDAILAILEYIXIEFUZUOYONG,BIRUNAIYAOXING、ZENGJIAGANZANGFUDAN、CANLIUDADENG,


XIAOLONGXIADEXUDUOXIJUNXINGJIBINGDOUSHITONGGUOZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEDIGANRANXIJUN、ZHENJUNDENGYINQIDE,RULANSAI、CHANGYAN、SHUIZHONG,YULEIDESHUIMEI、XIALEIDELANZHIBINGDENG。LIYONGKANGSHENGSUKEYIYOUXIAODIYIZHIHUOSHAMIEZHEXIEZHIBINGWEISHENGWU,TEBIESHIDUIYUYIXIEBAOFAXINGDEJIBING,NENGGOUYOUXIAODIHUANJIEHEYUFANG,ZHEYEDAOZHIKANGSHENGSUDEDALIANGLANYONG。


SHILIANGDESHIYONGKANGSHENGSU,KEYIYOUXIAOGAISHANSHUISHENGDONGWUDECHANGDAOZHUANGKUANG,RUSHISHISUANXINGLIXIBAOJIANSHAO,CHANGDAODEYOUXIAOXISHOUMIANJIZENGJIADENG,TIGAOSHUICHANDONGWUDEXIAOHUAXISHOUNENGLI。 


pk10游戏KANGSHENGSUDESHIYONGNENGJIANSHAOXIAOLONGXIADUIWEISHENGSU、ANJISUANYIJIKUANGWUZHIDEXUQIU。YANJIUFAXIAN,ZAISILIAOZHONGTIANJIAKANGSHENGSUKEYIJIEYUEWEISHENGSUB1、B2、B6、YANSUAN、SHENGWUSUDENGYINGYANGCHENGFEN。 

 

RANERCHANGQIDALIANGSHIYONGKANGSHENGSUNENGDAOZHINAIYAOJUNZHUDECHANSHENG,SHIDEXIAOLONGXIACHANSHENGNAIYAOXING,DAOZHIKANGSHENGSUDEJILIANGYUEYONGYUEDA,CHENGBENYEZENGJIA。GANZANGZAIDONGWUTINEIQIZHUZHUANHUAHEFENJIEDEZUOYONG,KANGSHENGSUDEPINFANSHIYONGHUIZENGJIAGANZANGDEFUDAN,DAOZHIXIAOLONGXIAZHONGHOUQIGANZANGFABAI、MILAN,CONGERYINFAYIXILIEGANZANGWENTI。


TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIAKANGSHENGSUJINRUXIAOLONGXIATINEIHOUHUIPAICHU,ZHIYOUSHAOLIANGCANLIU ,DANRUGUOXIAOLONGXIATIZHIJIAOCHA,NEIFENMIXITONGSHIHENG,JIASHANGJINGCHANGDALIANGFUYONG,ZEHUIDAOZHIKANGSHENGSUDALIANGZAITINEIXUJI,YINGXIANGLONGXIACHANYEDESHENGTAIFAZHAN。


pk10游戏SHUITIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGYOUYISHENGWUJUN,RUYABAOGANJUN、GUANGHEXIJUNDENG,ZHEXIEJUNQUNQIZHUDIAOJIEJINGHUASHUIZHIDEZUOYONG,TONGSHIHEXIECHANGDAONEIYEYOUXIANGYINGSHULIANGDEXIAOHUAJUNLEI,ERDALIANGCHANGQIFUYONGKANGSHENGSUHUIDUIZHEXIEYOUYIWEISHENGWUZAOCHENGYIDINGYINGXIANG,YIZHIHESHAMIEBUFENYOUYIJUN,SHIDESHUITIZHONGJITINEIJUNQUNSHIHENG。 


看點3

  

三、肥水的“利”與“害”

 

FEISHUIYOU“LI”YU“HAI”,SHIYIBASHUANGRENJIAN,GUANLIDEHAOHUIZHUNIYANGXIACHENGGONG,GUANLIBUHAOHUIHAINISHIBAI。ZHIYOULEJIEFEISHUILIBICAINENGYANGCHANGBIDUAN,CAINENGZHANGKONGSHUIZHI、SHENZHICHAOGUO15mg/L,SUOYIZAOLEISHENGCHANGLIANGHAODESHUIZHIBAITIANSHIBUHUIQUEYANGDE。BAITIANKAIZENGYANGJIDEZUOYONGBINGBUSHIWEILEZENGYANG,ERSHISHIDAOSHUITISHANGXIADUILIU,RONGJIEYANGFENBUJUNYUN,TONGSHISHUITIDEHUANHUANLIUDONGSHIWEILEYINGZAOLEISITIANRANHAISHUIDEHUANJING,YOULIYUXIADESHENGCHANG,ZAIZHEBAITIANKAIZENGYANGJIYEYOULIYUZAOLEIFANZHIJISHUIZHIWENDING。


ZAOLEIYOUHENQIANGDEZIJINGNENGLI。ZAOLEIYIFANGMIANNENGGOULUOHESHUITIDEXUANFUWU,SHISHUIZHIQINGSHUANGJIEJING,ZAOLEISHENGCHANGLIANGHAODESHUITISILIAOTAISHIFEICHANGGANJINGDE,KANBUJIANRENHEWUNI,FANSHISILIAOTAIKANJIANWUNIDOUSHUOMINGZAOLEIYIJINGYOUWENTI,SHUOMINGRONGJIEYANGBUCHONGZU。LINGYIFANGMIANZAOLEINENGGOUXISHOU、YANGHUA、LUOHESHUITIZHONGDEANDAN、YAXIAOSUANYAN、LIUHUAQING、ZHONGJINSHUDENGYOUHAIWUZHI,SHIZUIJINGJIDEJIEDUJI,FEISHUISHENGGUOYIQIEJIEDUYAOWU,FEISHUIFANGMIAOJIKEYIMIANFANGJIEDUYAOWUYOUNENGGOUXIANZHUTIGAOCHENGHUOLV。


FEISHUINENGGOUWENDINGSHUIZHI。YOUYUZAOLEIZAISHUITIWUZHIXUNHUANDANGZHONGBANYANZHUGONGYANG、XISHOU、LUOHEDEZHONGYAOJIAOSE,SUOYISHENGCHANGLIANGHAODEZAOLEIDUIPHZHI、ANDAN、YAXIAOSUANYAN、LIUHUAQING、ZHONGJINSHUDENGYOUXIANZHUDEHUANCHONG、JIANGJIEZUOYONG,NENGGOUYOUXIAOBIMIANSHUIZHIZHIBIAODAQIDALUO。


FEISHUIKEYIWEIXIAOLONGXIATIGONGYINBICHANGSUO。YOUYUXIAYAOJINGCHANGTUOKE,TEBIEXUYAOANQUANDEHUANJING,GUOYUQINGCHETOUMINGDESHUITISHIBUSHIYIDE。FEISHUIBUDANNENGGOUZENGJIAHUNZHUODU,ERQIETOUMINGDUDEJIANGDIYOUNENGGOUFANGYUDIHAI,JIANRUOTAIYANGFUSHE,JIANHUANSHUIWENDUBIANHUA,ZHEXIEDUIYUXIADEANQUANYUQIXIDOUSHIZHIGUANZHONGYAODE。


NENGGOUTIGONGTIANRANERLIAO。YOUYUZAOLEIHANYOUXIELVSU,NENGGOULIYONGTAIYANGDEGUANGHEREJINXINGGUANGHEZUOYONG,WEIXIAOLONGXIATIGONGTIANRANERLIAO,ZHEDUIYUXIADEJIANKANGSHENGCHANGYESHIFEICHANGZHONGYAODE。


RANERFEISHUIYECUNZAIYIDINGDE“BI”DUAN,FEISHUIZENGJIAWANSHANGHAOYANGLIANG,RONGYIZAOCHENGWANSHANGQUEYANG。YOUYUZAOLEIHANYOUXIELVSU,NENGGOUGUANGHEZUOYONG,JUYOUZHIWUDESHUXING,ERFANSHIJUYOUGUANGHEZUOYONGDEZHIWUDOUJUYOUBAITIANCHANYANGWANSHANGHAOYANGDETEDIAN,SUOYIFEISHUIBIBUFEISHUIDESHUITIWANSHANGGENGRONGYIQUEYANG,BAITIANZAOLEIYUENONGWANSHANGYUERONGYIQUEYANG。RUGUOBURENSHIDAOZHEYIDIAN,CHANGQIBAOCHIJIAONONGDESHUITI,JIAODIDETOUMINGDU,JIAOGAODEPHZHI,WANSHANGJIUHUICHANGQICHUYUQUEYANGHUOYAQUEYANGZHUANGTAI,XIACHIZAODOUHUICHUWENTI。


ZAOLEIGETIHENXIAO,DANGEZAOLEIYANJINGSHIKANBUDAODE,FEISHUISUOCHANSHENGZAOLEIDESHULIANGSHIFEICHANGJUDADE,YIFANGMIANSHENGCHANGZHONGDEZAOLEIDUISHUIZHIJUYOUXIANZHUDEJINGHUAZUOYONG,LINGYIFANGMIANLAOHUASIWANGDEZAOLEIYOUSHISHUIZHIZUIDADEWURANYUAN。DALIANGSIZAOBUDANYANZHONGWURANXIATANGDIZHIHESHUIZHI,ERQIEXIJUNFENJIESIZAOXUYAOXIAOHAODALIANGYANGQI,ZAOCHENGRONGJIEYANGJIJUXIAJIANG,DAOZHIXIAOLONGXIAFABINGSIWANG。


FEISHUIRONGYIBIANHUA,ZAOCHENGYINGJI。YOUYUZAOLEISHENGCHANGYUTIANQI、FEILIAO、ZENGYANGDENGYINSUMIQIEXIANGGUAN,SUOYIZAOLEIMEITIANDOUHUISUIZHUZHEXIEYINSUDEBIANHUAERBIANHUA。BAOKUOXIANGHAODEFANGMIANBIANHUAHEXIANGHUAIDEFANGMIANBIANHUA,SUOWEIHUAIDEBIANHUASHIZHISHUISETAINONGHUOTAIDAN,TOUMINGDUTAIDIHUOTAIGAO,pHZHICHAOGUO9.0HUODIYU7.6,YIJIZAOLEIDALIANGLAOHUASIWANG。ZHEXIEHUAIDEBIANHUASUIRANBIAOXIANXINGSHIGEBUXIANGTONG,DANZUIZHONGDOUSHIZAOCHENGRONGJIEYANGJIANGDI,ZAOCHENGYINGJI,DAOZHIDIZHI、SHUIZHIEHUA,ZUIHOUDAOZHIXIAOLONGXIAFABINGSIWANG。


RUGUONONGDONGLEFEISHUIYUANLI,NONGQINGCHULEFEISHUIDELIBI,NEIMEQULIBIHAIJIURONGYILE。


首先建立優良的水色及穩定的藻相。藻類有兩個特點:一是首次肥水的水色一般都是優良水色,不良水色一般都是發生在養蝦的中后期,即使最早出現也是在投放龍蝦種苗之后,放蝦苗之前是很少出現不良水色的。二是施肥次數越多,肥水時間越長,培育出來的藻相越穩定,而穩定的藻相一旦建立就不容易改變,包括消毒及中小程度的惡劣天氣也很難改變。所以我們只要按照這兩點來肥水,就能夠獲得好水色和穩定藻相。


看點4

  

四、小龍蝦養殖沒有模式只有系統

 

XIAOLONGXIAYANGZHISHIYIGEXITONGGONGCHENG,RENHEGONGZUODOUZHISHIZHEGEXITONGGONGCHENGDEYIGEFANGMIAN,ZHISHIQIZHONGDEYIGEHUANJIE,ZAIHAODESHUISEYEBUNENGDAITIXIAODU,YEBUNENGDAITIQITA。XIAOLONGXIAYANGZHIMEIYOUJIEJING,ZHIYOULAOLAOSHISHIANZHAOCHANGGUILAICAOZUO,ZHIYOURENRENZHENZHENBAXIAOLONGXIAMIAOZHONGZHILIANG、TANGKOUTIAOJIAN、JIJIETIANQI、FEISHUI、XIAODU、XIABINGFANGZHI、ZENGYANG、YINGYANG、KANGYINGJIDENGFANGMIANDOUJIANGUDOUZUODAOWEI,WOMENYINGGAIDUIMEIGEHUANJIEDOUYOUGELIXINGDEPANDUANHEFENXI,QIEWUMANGMUGENFENG,RENZHENZUODAOQULIBIHAI,HUAHAIWEILI,XIAOLONGXIAYANGZHICAINENGCHENGGONG。 


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關鍵詞:龍蝦養殖,龍蝦養殖地區

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